Channelpedia

PubMed 17250874


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2



Title: Cardiac overexpression of antioxidant catalase attenuates aging-induced cardiomyocyte relaxation dysfunction.

Authors: Jun Ren, Qun Li, Shan Wu, Shi-Yan Li, Sara A Babcock

Journal, date & volume: Mech. Ageing Dev., 2007 Mar , 128, 276-85

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17250874


Abstract
Catalase, an enzyme which detoxifies H2O2, may interfere with cardiac aging. To test this hypothesis, contractile and intracellular Ca2+ properties were evaluated in cardiomyocytes from young (3-4 months) and old (26-28 months) FVB and transgenic mice with cardiac overexpression of catalase. Contractile indices analyzed included peak shortening (PS), time-to-90% PS (TPS90), time-to-90% relengthening (TR90), half-width duration (HWD), maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening (+/-dL/dt) and intracellular Ca2+ levels or decay rate. Levels of advanced glycation endproduct (AGE), Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX), sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2a), phospholamban (PLB), myosin heavy chain (MHC), membrane Ca2+ and K+ channels were measured by western blot. Catalase transgene prolonged survival while did not alter myocyte function by itself. Aging depressed+/-dL/dt, prolonged HWD, TR90 and intracellular Ca2+ decay without affecting other indices in FVB myocytes. Aged FVB myocytes exhibited a stepper decline in PS in response to elevated stimulus or a dampened rise in PS in response to elevated extracellular Ca2+ levels. Interestingly, aging-induced defects were nullified or significantly attenuated by catalase. AGE level was elevated by 5-fold in aged FVB compared with young FVB mice, which was reduced by catalase. Expression of SERCA2a, NCX and Kv1.2 K+ channel was significantly reduced although levels of PLB, L-type Ca2+ channel dihydropyridine receptor and beta-MHC isozyme remained unchanged in aged FVB hearts. Catalase restored NCX and Kv1.2 K+ channel but not SERCA2a level in aged mice. In summary, our data suggested that catalase protects cardiomyocytes from aging-induced contractile defect possibly via improved intracellular Ca2+ handling.