Channelpedia

PubMed 20457833


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1



Title: Involvement of CaV3.1 T-type calcium channels in cell proliferation in mouse preadipocytes.

Authors: Atsushi Oguri, Tomofumi Tanaka, Haruko Iida, Kentarou Meguro, Haruhito Takano, Hitoshi Oonuma, Satoshi Nishimura, Toshihiro Morita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Ryozo Nagai, Toshiaki Nakajima

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2010 Jun , 298, C1414-23

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20457833


Abstract
Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (Ca(V)) are ubiquitously expressed in various cell types and play vital roles in regulation of cellular functions including proliferation. However, the molecular identities and function of Ca(V) remained unexplored in preadipocytes. Therefore, whole cell voltage-clamp technique, conventional/quantitative real-time RT-PCR, Western blot, small interfering RNA (siRNA) experiments, and immunohistochemical analysis were applied in mouse primary cultured preadipocytes as well as mouse 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The effects of Ca(V) blockers on cell proliferation and cell cycle were also investigated. Whole cell recordings of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes showed low-threshold Ca(V), which could be inhibited by mibefradil, Ni(2+) (IC(50) of 200 muM), and NNC55-0396. Dominant expression of alpha(1G) mRNA was detected among Ca(V) transcripts (alpha(1A)-alpha(1I)), supported by expression of Ca(V)3.1 protein encoded by alpha(1G) gene, with immunohistochemical studies and Western blot analysis. siRNA targeted for alpha(1G) markedly inhibited Ca(V). Dominant expression of alpha(1G) mRNA and expression of Ca(V)3.1 protein were also observed in mouse primary cultured preadipocytes. Expression level of alpha(1G) mRNA and Ca(V)3.1 protein significantly decreased in differentiated adipocytes. Mibefradil, NNC55-0396, a selective T-type Ca(V) blocker, but not diltiazem, inhibited cell proliferation in response to serum. NNC55-0396 and siRNA targeted for alpha(1G) also prevented cell cycle entry/progression. The present study demonstrates that the Ca(V)3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channel encoded by alpha(1G) subtype is the dominant Ca(V) in mouse preadipocytes and may play a role in regulating preadipocyte proliferation, a key step in adipose tissue development.