PubMed 20511331

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , HCN1 , HCN2 , HCN3 , HCN4 , Slo1

Title: Expression of key ion channels in the rat cardiac conduction system by laser capture microdissection and qPCR.

Authors: Yan Ou, Xiaolin Niu, Fuxian Ren

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 May 28 , ,

PubMed link:

The objective of this study was to investigate the molecular basis of the inferior nodal extension (INE) in the atrioventricular junctional area that accounts for arrhythmias. The INE was separated from the adult rat heart by laser capture microdissection. The mRNA expression of ion channels was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Hierarchical clustering was used to demonstrate clustering of expression of genes in sections. The mRNA expression of HCN4, Ca(v)3.1 and Ca(v)3.2 was high in the INE, atrioventricular node and sino-atrial node, and that of Ca(v)3.2 high in Purkinje fibres. Although the expression of HCN1 and Ca(v)1.3 was low in the rat heart, it was relatively higher in the INE, atrioventricular node and sino-atrial node than in right atrial and right ventricular (working) myocytes. Both HCN2 and Ca(v)1.2 were expressed at higher levels in working myocytes than in nodal tissues and in the INE. Hierarchical clustering analysis demonstrated that the expression of the HCN and calcium channels in INE was similar to that in the slow-response automatic cells and different from that in working myocytes and Purkinje fibres. The expression of HCN and calcium channels in the INE of the adult rat heart is similar to that of slow-response automatic cells and provides a substrate for automatic phase 4 depolarization in cells.