PubMed 19931596

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: 5-Hydroxydecanoate and coenzyme A are inhibitors of native sarcolemmal KATP channels in inside-out patches.

Authors: Xiantao Li, Markus Rapedius, Thomas Baukrowitz, Gong Xin Liu, D K Srivastava, Jürgen Daut, Peter J Hanley

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2010 Mar , 1800, 385-91

PubMed link:

5-Hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) inhibits preconditioning, and it is assumed to be a selective inhibitor of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) (mitoK(ATP)) channels. However, 5-HD is a substrate for mitochondrial outer membrane acyl-CoA synthetase, which catalyzes the reaction: 5HD + CoA + ATP --> 5-HD-CoA (5-hydroxydecanoyl-CoA) + AMP + pyrophosphate. We aimed to determine whether the reactants or principal product of this reaction modulate sarcolemmal K(ATP) (sarcK(ATP)) channel activity.Single sarcK(ATP) channel currents were measured in inside-out patches excised from rat ventricular myocytes. In addition, sarcK(ATP) channel activity was recorded in whole-cell configuration or in giant inside-out patches excised from oocytes expressing Kir6.2/SUR2A.5-HD inhibited (IC(50) approximately 30 microM) K(ATP) channel activity, albeit only in the presence of (non-inhibitory) concentrations of ATP. Similarly, when the inhibitory effect of 0.2 mM ATP was reversed by 1 microM oleoyl-CoA, subsequent application of 5-HD blocked channel activity, but no effect was seen in the absence of ATP. Furthermore, we found that 1 microM coenzyme A (CoA) inhibited sarcK(ATP) channels. Using giant inside-out patches, which are weakly sensitive to "contaminating" CoA, we found that Kir6.2/SUR2A channels were insensitive to 5-HD-CoA. In intact myocytes, 5-HD failed to reverse sarcK(ATP) channel activation by either metabolic inhibition or rilmakalim.SarcK(ATP) channels are inhibited by 5-HD (provided that ATP is present) and CoA but insensitive to 5-HD-CoA. 5-HD is equally potent at "directly" inhibiting sarcK(ATP) and mitoK(ATP) channels. However, in intact cells, 5-HD fails to inhibit sarcK(ATP) channels, suggesting that mitochondria are the preconditioning-relevant targets of 5-HD.