PubMed 20051516

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1

Title: Disruption of the K+ channel beta-subunit KCNE3 reveals an important role in intestinal and tracheal Cl- transport.

Authors: Patricia Preston, Lena Wartosch, Dorothee Günzel, Michael Fromm, Patthara Kongsuphol, Jiraporn Ousingsawat, Karl Kunzelmann, Jacques Barhanin, Richard Warth, Thomas J Jentsch

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2010 Mar 5 , 285, 7165-75

PubMed link:

The KCNE3 beta-subunit constitutively opens outwardly rectifying KCNQ1 (Kv7.1) K(+) channels by abolishing their voltage-dependent gating. The resulting KCNQ1/KCNE3 heteromers display enhanced sensitivity to K(+) channel inhibitors like chromanol 293B. KCNE3 was also suggested to modify biophysical properties of several other K(+) channels, and a mutation in KCNE3 was proposed to underlie forms of human periodic paralysis. To investigate physiological roles of KCNE3, we now disrupted its gene in mice. kcne3(-/-) mice were viable and fertile and displayed neither periodic paralysis nor other obvious skeletal muscle abnormalities. KCNQ1/KCNE3 heteromers are present in basolateral membranes of intestinal and tracheal epithelial cells where they might facilitate transepithelial Cl(-) secretion through basolateral recycling of K(+) ions and by increasing the electrochemical driving force for apical Cl(-) exit. Indeed, cAMP-stimulated electrogenic Cl(-) secretion across tracheal and intestinal epithelia was drastically reduced in kcne3(-/-) mice. Because the abundance and subcellular localization of KCNQ1 was unchanged in kcne3(-/-) mice, the modification of biophysical properties of KCNQ1 by KCNE3 is essential for its role in intestinal and tracheal transport. Further, these results suggest KCNE3 as a potential modifier gene in cystic fibrosis.