PubMed 19697366

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Myotonia congenita in a large consanguineous Arab family: insight into the clinical spectrum of carriers and double heterozygotes of a novel mutation in the chloride channel CLCN1 gene.

Authors: Adel Shalata, Haya Furman, Vardit Adir, Noam Adir, Yasir Hujeirat, Stavit A Shalev, Zvi U Borochowitz

Journal, date & volume: Muscle Nerve, 2010 Apr , 41, 464-9

PubMed link:

The aims of this study were to (1) characterize the clinical phenotype, (2) define the causative mutation, and (3) correlate the clinical phenotype with genotype in a large consanguineous Arab family with myotonia congenita. Twenty-four family members from three generations were interviewed and examined. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples for sequencing the exons of the CLCN1 gene. Twelve individuals with myotonia congenita transmitted the condition in an autosomal dominant manner with incomplete penetrance. A novel missense mutation [568GG>TC (G190S)] was found in a dose-dependent clinical phenotype. Although heterozygous individuals were asymptomatic or mildly affected, the homozygous individuals were severely affected. The mutation is a glycine-to-serine residue substitution in a well-conserved motif in helix D of the CLC-1 chloride channel in the skeletal muscle plasmalemma. A novel mutation, 568GG>TC (G190S) in the CLCN1 gene, is responsible for autosomal dominant myotonia congenita with a variable phenotypic spectrum.