PubMed 17111367

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC5 , Kv10.1

Title: N-glycosylation of the Xenopus laevis ClC-5 protein plays a role in cell surface expression, affecting transport activity at the plasma membrane.

Authors: Sandra Schmieder, Stéphanie Bogliolo, Jordi Ehrenfeld

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Physiol., 2007 Feb , 210, 479-88

PubMed link:

Mutations in the gene encoding ClC-5 lead to X-linked hypercalciuric nephrolithiasis (XLHN), characterized by proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and phosphaturia. In renal proximal tubule cells, ClC-5 was identified as an important player in endocytosis, which ensures reabsorption of filtered protein. However, the recent finding that ClC-5 is a Cl(-)/H(+) antiporter and not a Cl(-) channel as long thought points to the lack of understanding of its functional role. Also, little biochemical data are available about ClC-5 and its post-translational modifications have not been investigated. Here, we examined the role of N-glycosylation of xClC-5 in the Xenopus oocyte expression system by comparing wild-type (WT) xClC-5 and N-glycosylation site mutants. We found that xClC-5 is N-glycosylated on asparagines 169 and 470, which are the only N-glycosylated sites. xClC-5 mutants have an increased susceptibility to polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation; however, without a notable impact on the expression level. Using a cross-linking reagent, we showed that xClC-5 assembles into protein complexes, independent of its N-glycosylation. Voltage-clamp measurements showed a reduced conductance in the presence of tunicamycin and with xClC-5 N-glycosylation site mutants. Using immunocytochemistry, we localized xClC-5 mainly in intracellular compartments, and found that its cell surface pool is reduced in the absence of N-glycans. We further examined the plasma membrane retrieval of WT and mutant xClC-5 in the presence of Brefeldin A (BFA), and found that the non-glycosylated mutant was retrieved more than five times faster than the WT protein. We conclude that N-glycosylation enhances cell surface expression of xClC-5, increasing its plasma membrane transport activity.