PubMed 11532905

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: Gender-based differences in cardiac repolarization in mouse ventricle.

Authors: V Trépanier-Boulay, C St-Michel, A Tremblay, C Fiset

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2001 Aug 31 , 89, 437-44

PubMed link:

The mouse heart has become a widely used model for genetic studies of heart diseases. Thus, understanding gender differences in mouse cardiac repolarization is crucial to the interpretation of such studies. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether there are gender differences in cardiac repolarization in mouse ventricle and to gain insights into the ionic and molecular mechanisms underlying these differences. Action potential durations (APDs) and K(+) currents in male and female ventricular myocytes were compared using a patch-clamp technique. APD(20), APD(50), and APD(90) were found to be significantly longer in females than males. Examination of the different K(+) currents revealed that a significantly lower current density exists in female ventricular myocytes compared with male myocytes for the ultrarapid delayed rectifier K(+) current, I(Kur) (at +30 mV, male, 33.2+/-2.9 pA/pF [n= 22]; female, 20.9+/-1.73 pA/pF [n= 19], P<0.001). Consistent with these findings were the results of the ribonuclease protection assay, Western blots, and confocal analysis that showed a significantly lower expression level of Kv1.5 (coding for I(Kur)) in female compared with male ventricle. The additional K(+) currents present in mouse ventricle exhibited no gender differences. In agreement with these electrophysiological data, no differences in the expression levels for the K(+) channels underlying these currents were detected between both sexes. This study demonstrates that adult mice exhibit gender differences in cardiac repolarization. The expression of Kv1.5 and of its corresponding K(+) current, I(Kur), is significantly lower in female mouse ventricle, and as a result, the APD is lengthened.