Channelpedia

PubMed 12869394


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1



Title: Cav3.1 (alpha1G) T-type Ca2+ channels mediate vaso-occlusion of sickled erythrocytes in lung microcirculation.

Authors: Songwei Wu, Johnson Haynes, James T Taylor, Boniface O Obiako, James R Stubbs, Ming Li, Troy Stevens

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2003 Aug 22 , 93, 346-53

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12869394


Abstract
In the present study, we demonstrate that lung microvascular endothelial cells express a Cav3.1 (alpha1G) T-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channel, whereas lung macrovascular endothelial cells do not express voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Voltage-dependent activation indicates that the Cav3.1 T-type Ca2+ current is shifted to a positive potential, at which maximum current activation is -10 mV; voltage-dependent conductance and inactivation properties suggest a "window current" in the range of -60 to -30 mV. Thrombin-induced transitions in membrane potential activate the Cav3.1 channel, resulting in a physiologically relevant rise in cytosolic Ca2+. Furthermore, activation of the Cav3.1 channel induces a procoagulant endothelial phenotype; eg, channel inhibition attenuates increased retention of sickled erythrocytes in the inflamed pulmonary circulation. We conclude that activation of the Cav3.1 channels selectively induces phenotypic changes in microvascular endothelial cells that mediate vaso-occlusion by sickled erythrocytes in the inflamed lung microcirculation.