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PubMed 17437338


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Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1



Title: NMR studies of interactions between C-terminal tail of Kir2.1 channel and PDZ1,2 domains of PSD95.

Authors: Scott Pegan, Joshua Tan, Alan Huang, Paul A Slesinger, Roland Riek, Senyon Choe

Journal, date & volume: Biochemistry, 2007 May 8 , 46, 5315-22

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17437338


Abstract
Control of surface expression of inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels is important for regulating membrane excitability. Kir2 channels have been shown to interact directly with PDZ-containing proteins in the postsynaptic density (PSD). These scaffold proteins, such as PSD95, bind to Kir2.1 channels via a PDZ-binding motif (T/S-x-Phi) in the C-terminal tail (SEI428). By utilizing a multidimensional solution NMR approach, we show that the previously unresolved structure of Kir2.1 tail (residues 372-428) is highly flexible. Using in vitro binding assays, we determined that shortening the flexible tail of Kir2.1 preceding the C-terminal region (residues 414-428) does not significantly disrupt PDZ binding. We also investigated which amino acids in the Kir2.1 tail associated with PSD95 PDZ1,2 by NMR spectroscopy, revealing that a stretch of 12 C-terminal amino acids is involved in interaction with both PDZ domains (residues 417-428). Deletion of the 11 amino acids preceding the C-terminal tail, Delta414-424, completely disrupts binding to PSD95 PDZ1,2. Therefore, the molecular interfaces formed between PDZ domains and Kir2.1 tail involve regions outside the previously identified binding motif (SEI428) and may be important for additional channel-specific interactions with associating PDZ-containing proteins.