PubMed 17317015

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.3

Title: Site-directed antibodies to low-voltage-activated calcium channel CaV3.3 (alpha1I) subunit also target neural cell adhesion molecule-180.

Authors: Y Chen, A H Sharp, K Hata, A M R Yunker, L Polo-Parada, L T Landmesser, M W McEnery

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2007 Mar 30 , 145, 981-96

PubMed link:

Synthetic peptides of defined amino acid sequence are commonly used as unique antigens for production of antibodies to more complex target proteins. We previously showed that an affinity-purified, site-directed polyclonal antibody (CW90) raised against a peptide antigen (CNGRMPNIAKDVFTKM) anticipated to be specific to a T-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel subunit identified recombinant rat alpha1I/Ca(V)3.3 and two endogenous mouse proteins distinct in their developmental expression and apparent molecular mass (neonatal form 260 kDa, mature form 190 kDa) [Yunker AM, Sharp AH, Sundarraj S, Ranganathan V, Copeland TD, McEnery MW (2003) Immunological characterization of T-type voltage-dependent calcium channel Ca(V)3.1 (alpha 1G) and Ca(V)3.3 (alpha 1I) isoforms reveal differences in their localization, expression, and neural development. Neuroscience 117:321-335]. In the present study, we further characterize the biochemical properties of the CW90 antigens. We show for the first time that recombinant alpha1I/Ca(V)3.3 is modified by N-glycosylation. Using peptide:N-glycosidase F (PNGase F), an enzyme that removes polysaccharides attached at Asn residues, and endoneuraminidase-N (Endo-N), which specifically removes polysialic acid modifications, we reveal that differential glycosylation fully accounts for the large difference in apparent molecular mass between neonatal and adult CW90 antigens and that the neonatal form is polysialylated. As very few proteins are substrates for Endo-N, we carried out extensive analyses and herein present evidence that CW90 reacts with recombinant alpha1I/Ca(V)3.3 as well as endogenous neural cell adhesion molecule-180 (NCAM-180). We demonstrate the basis for CW90 cross-reactivity is a five amino acid epitope (AKDVF) present in both alpha1I/Ca(V)3.3 and NCAM-180. To extend these findings, we introduce a novel polyclonal anti-peptide antibody (CW678) that uniquely recognizes NCAM-180 and a new antibody (CW109) against alpha1I/Ca(V)3.3. Western blot analyses obtained with CW678, CW109 and CW90 on a variety of samples confirm that the endogenous CW90 signals are fully attributed to the two developmental forms of NCAM-180. Using CW678, we present novel data on differentiation-dependent NCAM-180 expression in human neuroblastoma IMR32 cells. These results strongly suggest the need for careful analyses to validate anti-peptide antibodies when targeting membrane proteins of low abundance.