PubMed 15687126

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: HCN2 , HCN3 , HCN4

Title: Single-channel properties support a potential contribution of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels and If to cardiac arrhythmias.

Authors: Guido Michels, Fikret Er, Ismail Khan, Michael Südkamp, Stefan Herzig, Uta C Hoppe

Journal, date & volume: Circulation, 2005 Feb 1 , 111, 399-404

PubMed link:

The pacemaker current I(f) is present in atrial and ventricular myocytes. However, it remains controversial whether I(f) overexpression in diseased states might play a role for arrhythmogenesis, because first I(f) activation in whole-cell recordings hardly overlapped the diastolic voltage of working myocardium.To obtain further insight into I(HCN) and I(f) properties, we provide for the first time detailed single-channel analysis of heterologously expressed hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) isoforms and native human I(f). HCN subtypes differed significantly in single-channel amplitude, conductance, and activation kinetics. Interestingly, threshold potentials of HCN isoforms were more positive than would have been expected from whole-cell measurements. Single-channel properties of cells cotransfected with HCN2 and HCN4 were distinct from cells expressing HCN2 or HCN4 alone, demonstrating that different HCN isoforms can influence current properties of a single HCN channel complex, thus providing direct functional evidence for HCN heteromerization. Pooled data of homomeric and heteromeric HCN channels and of native I(f) extrapolated from maximum likelihood fits indicated a multistate gating scheme comprising 5 closed- and 4 open-channel states. Single-channel characteristics of I(f) in human atrial myocytes closely resembled those of HCN4 or HCN2+HCN4, supporting the hypothesis that native I(f) channels in atrial myocardium are heteromeric complexes composed of HCN4 and/or HCN2. Most interestingly, half-maximal activation of single-channel atrial I(f) (-68.3+/-4.9 mV; k=-9.9+/-1.5; n=8) was well within the diastolic voltage range of human atrial myocardium.These observations support a potential contribution of HCN/I(f) to the arrhythmogenesis of working myocardium under pathological conditions.