Channelpedia

PubMed 15851159


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1



Title: Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and KCNJ2 mutations.

Authors: Terrence U H Chun, Michael R Epstein, Macdonald Dick, Gregor Andelfinger, Leomar Ballester, Carlos G Vanoye, Alfred L George, D Woodrow Benson

Journal, date & volume: Heart Rhythm, 2004 Jul , 1, 235-41

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15851159


Abstract
We sought to identify the electrophysiologic basis of life-threatening events associated with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) in young patients with heterozygous KCNJ2 mutations. PVT describes a beat-to-beat alternating QRS axis and morphology during ventricular tachycardia. PVT may be well tolerated and even asymptomatic in young patients without other heart disease, but an association with syncope, cardiac arrest, or sudden death has long been known. Little is known of the basis of life-threatening events associated with PVT in this setting. We identified heterozygous KCNJ2 mutations (R67W and C101R respectively) in 2 adolescents with PVT (cycle length > 375 ms, < 160 beats/minute). Biophysical properties of wild-type and mutant KCNJ2 channels were characterized during heterologous expression in Xenopus oocytes. Despite a large tachycardia burden, neither patient experienced symptoms during electrocardiographic documentation of PVT. One patient had a history of cardiac arrest, but neither had other evidence of heart disease. Both patients were treated with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). In one patient, ICD interrogation identified rapid ventricular tachycardia (cycle length of 190 to 270 ms), terminated with a single 29-J asynchronous shock, as the cause of 2 syncopal episodes occurring 19 months apart. Biophysical characterization of KCNJ2-C101R demonstrated a loss-of-function and a dominant-negative effect on Kir2.1. Similar effects were previously observed for KCNJ2-R67W. Heterozygous mutations in KCNJ2 can cause life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Arrhythmia documented during cardiac arrest is rapid ventricular tachycardia; ICD is effective therapy for cardiac arrest in patients with PVT due to KCNJ2 mutation.