PubMed 15867180

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3

Title: Female mice lacking estrogen receptor beta display prolonged ventricular repolarization and reduced ventricular automaticity after myocardial infarction.

Authors: Thomas Korte, Martin Fuchs, Andreas Arkudas, Sebastian Geertz, Rainer Meyer, Ajmal Gardiwal, Gunnar Klein, Michael Niehaus, Andree Krust, Pierre Chambon, Helmut Drexler, Klaus Fink, Christian Grohé

Journal, date & volume: Circulation, 2005 May 10 , 111, 2282-90

PubMed link:

Major gender-based differences in the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia after myocardial infarction have been shown in humans. Although the underlying mechanisms are unclear, earlier studies suggest that estrogen receptor-mediated effects play a major role in this process.We examined the effect of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) on the electrophysiological phenotype in female mice with and without chronic anterior myocardial infarction. There was no significant difference in overall mortality, infarct size, and parameters of left ventricular remodeling when we compared infarcted ERalpha-deficient and ERbeta-deficient mice with infarcted wild-type animals. In the 12-hour telemetric ECG recording 6 weeks after myocardial infarction, surface ECG parameters did not show significant differences in comparisons of ERalpha-deficient mice versus wild-type controls, infarcted versus noninfarcted ERalpha-deficient mice, and infarcted ERalpha-deficient versus infarcted wild-type mice. However, infarcted ERbeta-deficient versus noninfarcted ERbeta-deficient mice showed a significant prolongation of the QT (61+/-6 versus 48+/-8 ms; P<0.05) and QTc intervals (61+/-7 versus 51+/-9 ms; P<0.05) and the JT (42+/-6 versus 31+/-4 ms; P<0.05) and JTc intervals (42+/-7 versus 33+/-4 ms; P<0.05). Furthermore, infarcted ERbeta-deficient versus infarcted wild-type mice showed a significant prolongation of the QT (61+/-6 versus 53+/-8 ms; P<0.05) and QTc intervals (61+/-7 versus 53+/-7 ms; P<0.05) and the JT (42+/-6 versus 31+/-5 ms; P<0.05) and JTc intervals (42+/-7 versus 31+/-5 ms; P<0.05), accompanied by a significant decrease of ventricular premature beats (7+/-21/h versus 71+/-110/h; P<0.05). Finally, real-time polymerase chain reaction-based quantitative analysis of mRNA levels showed a significantly lower expression of Kv4.3 (coding for I(to)) in ERbeta-deficient mice (P<0.05).Estrogen receptor beta deficiency results in prolonged ventricular repolarization and decreased ventricular automaticity in female mice with chronic myocardial infarction.