PubMed 16049054

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4 , Kv10.1 , Slo1

Title: Association between Hsp90 and the ClC-2 chloride channel upregulates channel function.

Authors: Alexandre Hinzpeter, Joanna Lipecka, Franck Brouillard, Maryvonne Baudoin-Legros, Michal Dadlez, Aleksander Edelman, Janine Fritsch

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2006 Jan , 290, C45-56

PubMed link:

The voltage-dependent ClC-2 chloride channel has been implicated in a variety of physiological functions, including fluid transport across specific epithelia. ClC-2 is activated by hyperpolarization, weakly acidic external pH, intracellular Cl-, and cell swelling. To add more insight into the mechanisms involved in ClC-2 regulation, we searched for associated proteins that may influence ClC-2 activity. With the use of immunoprecipitation of ClC-2 from human embryonic kidney-293 cells stably expressing the channel, followed by electrophoretic separation of coimmunoprecipitated proteins and mass spectrometry identification, Hsp70 and Hsp90 were unmasked as possible ClC-2 interacting partners. Association of Hsp90 with ClC-2 was confirmed in mouse brain. Inhibition of Hsp90 by two specific inhibitors, geldanamycin or radicicol, did not affect total amounts of ClC-2 but did reduce plasma membrane channel abundance. Functional experiments using the whole cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique showed that inhibition of Hsp90 reduced ClC-2 current amplitude and impaired the intracellular Cl- concentration [Cl-]-dependent rightward shift of the fractional conductance. Geldanamycin and radicicol increased both the slow and fast activation time constants in a chloride-dependent manner. Heat shock treatment had the opposite effect. These results indicate that association of Hsp90 with ClC-2 results in greater channel activity due to increased cell surface channel expression, facilitation of channel opening, and enhanced channel sensitivity to intracellular [Cl-]. This association may have important pathophysiological consequences, enabling increased ClC-2 activity in response to cellular stresses such as elevated temperature, ischemia, or oxidative reagents.