PubMed 16908187

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.2

Title: Functional expression and purification of recombinant Tx1, a sodium channel blocker neurotoxin from the venom of the Brazilian "armed" spider, Phoneutria nigriventer.

Authors: Marcelo R V Diniz, R David G Theakston, Julian M Crampton, Marta do Nascimento Cordeiro, Adriano M C Pimenta, Maria Elena de Lima, Carlos R Diniz

Journal, date & volume: Protein Expr. Purif., 2006 Nov , 50, 18-24

PubMed link:

Tx1 from the venom of the Brazilian spider, Phoneutria nigriventer, is a lethal neurotoxic polypeptide of M(r) 8600 Da with 14 cysteine residues. It is a novel sodium channel blocker which reversibly inhibits sodium currents in CHO cells expressing recombinant sodium (Nav1.2) channels. We cloned and expressed the Tx1 toxin as a thioredoxin fusion product in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli. After semipurification by immobilized Ni-ion affinity chromatography, the recombinant Tx1 was purified by reverse phase chromatography and characterized. It displayed similar biochemical and pharmacological properties to the native toxin, and it should be useful for further investigation of structure-function relationship of Na channels.