PubMed 19133329

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2

Title: CFTR mediates cadmium-induced apoptosis through modulation of ROS level in mouse proximal tubule cells.

Authors: Sébastien L'Hoste, Abderrahmen Chargui, Radia Belfodil, Christophe Duranton, Isabelle Rubera, Baharia Mograbi, Chantal Poujeol, Michel Tauc, Philippe Poujeol

Journal, date & volume: Free Radic. Biol. Med., 2009 Apr 15 , 46, 1017-31

PubMed link:

The aim of this study was to characterize the role of CFTR during Cd(2+)-induced apoptosis. For this purpose primary cultures and cell lines originated from proximal tubules (PCT) of wild-type cftr(+/+) and cftr(-/-) mice were used. In cftr(+/+) cells, the application of Cd(2+) (5 microM) stimulated within 8 min an ERK1/2-activated CFTR-like Cl(-) conductance sensitive to CFTR(inh)-172. Thereafter Cd(2+) induced an apoptotic volume decrease (AVD) within 6 h followed by caspase-3 activation and apoptosis. The early increase in CFTR conductance was followed by the activation of volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying (VSOR) Cl(-) and TASK2 K(+) conductances. By contrast, cftr(-/-) cells exposed to Cd(2+) were unable to develop VSOR currents, caspase-3 activity, and AVD process and underwent necrosis. Moreover in cftr(+/+) cells, Cd(2+) enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and induced a 50% decrease in total glutathione content (major ROS scavenger in PCT). ROS generation and glutathione decrease depended on the presence of CFTR, since they did not occur in the presence of CFTR(inh)-172 or in cftr(-/-) cells. Additionally, Cd(2+) exposure accelerates effluxes of fluorescent glutathione S-conjugate in cftr(+/+) cells. Our data suggest that CFTR could modulate ROS levels to ensure apoptosis during Cd(2+) exposure by modulating the intracellular content of glutathione.