PubMed 19684200

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4

Title: Characteristics of Cl- uptake in rat alveolar type I cells.

Authors: Meshell Johnson, Lennell Allen, Leland Dobbs

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2009 Nov , 297, L816-27

PubMed link:

Although Cl- transport in fetal lung is important for fluid secretion and normal lung development, the role of Cl- transport in adult lung is not well understood. In physiological studies, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) plays a role in fluid absorption in the distal air spaces of adult lung, and alveolar type II cells cultured for 5 days have the capacity to transport Cl-. Although both alveolar type I and type II cells express CFTR, it has previously not been known whether type I cells transport Cl-. We studied Cl- uptake in isolated type I cells directly, using either radioisotopic tracers or halide-sensitive fluorescent indicators. By both methods, type I cells take up Cl-. In the presence of beta-adrenergic agonist stimulation, Cl- uptake can be inhibited by CFTR antagonists. Type I cells express both the Cl-/HCO3- anion exchanger AE2 and the voltage-gated Cl- channels CLC5 and CLC2. Inhibitors of AE2 also block Cl- uptake in type I cells. Together, these results demonstrate that type I cells are capable of Cl- uptake and suggest that the effects seen in whole lung studies establishing the importance of Cl- movement in alveolar fluid clearance may be, in part, the result of Cl- transport across type I cells.