PubMed 19706553

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: Cholesterol modulates the recruitment of Kv1.5 channels from Rab11-associated recycling endosome in native atrial myocytes.

Authors: Elise Balse, Saïd El-Haou, Gilles Dillanian, Aurélien Dauphin, Jodene Eldstrom, David Fedida, Alain Coulombe, Stéphane N Hatem

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2009 Aug 25 , 106, 14681-6

PubMed link:

Cholesterol is an important determinant of cardiac electrical properties. However, underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here, we examine the hypothesis that cholesterol modulates the turnover of voltage-gated potassium channels based on previous observations showing that depletion of membrane cholesterol increases the atrial repolarizing current I(Kur). Whole-cell currents and single-channel activity were recorded in rat adult atrial myocytes (AAM) or after transduction with hKv1.5-EGFP. Channel mobility and expression were studied using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and 3-dimensional microscopy. In both native and transduced-AAMs, the cholesterol-depleting agent MbetaCD induced a delayed ( approximately 7 min) increase in I(Kur); the cholesterol donor LDL had an opposite effect. Single-channel recordings revealed an increased number of active Kv1.5 channels upon MbetaCD application. Whole-cell recordings indicated that this increase was not dependent on new synthesis but on trafficking of existing pools of intracellular channels whose exocytosis could be blocked by both N-ethylmaleimide and nonhydrolyzable GTP analogues. Rab11 was found to coimmunoprecipitate with hKv1.5-EGFP channels and transfection with Rab11 dominant negative (DN) but not Rab4 DN prevented the MbetaCD-induced I(Kur) increase. Three-dimensional microscopy showed a decrease in colocalization of Kv1.5 and Rab11 in MbetaCD-treated AAM. These results suggest that cholesterol regulates Kv1.5 channel expression by modulating its trafficking through the Rab11-associated recycling endosome. Therefore, this compartment provides a submembrane pool of channels readily available for recruitment into the sarcolemma of myocytes. This process could be a major mechanism for the tuning of cardiac electrical properties and might contribute to the understanding of cardiac effects of lipid-lowering drugs.