PubMed 20055714

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.3 , Cav3.1 , SK3

Title: Vascular KCa-channels as therapeutic targets in hypertension and restenosis disease.

Authors: Ralf Köhler, Brajesh P Kaistha, Heike Wulff

Journal, date & volume: Expert Opin. Ther. Targets, 2010 Feb , 14, 143-55

PubMed link:

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death in modern societies. Hyperpolarizing Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (K(Ca)) are important membrane proteins in the control of arterial tone and pathological vascular remodelling and thus could serve as new drug targets.We summarize recent advances in the field of vascular K(Ca) and their roles in cardiovascular pathologies such as hypertension and restenosis disease and draw attention to novel small-molecule channel modulators and their possible therapeutic utility. This review focuses on literature from the last four to five years.Pharmacological opening of endothelial KCa3.1/KCa2.3 channels stimulates endothelium-derived-hyperpolarizing-factor-mediated arteriolar dilation and lowers blood pressure. Inhibition of smooth muscle KCa3.1 channels has beneficial effects in restenosis disease and atherosclerosis. We consider the therapeutic potential of KCa3.1/KCa2.3 openers as novel endothelium-specific antihypertensive drugs as well as of KCa3.1-blockers for the treatment of pathological vascular remodelling and discuss advantages and disadvantages of the pharmacotherapeutic approaches.Pharmacological manipulation of vascular K(Ca) channels by novel small-molecule modulators offers new venues for alternative treatments of hypertension, restenosis and atherosclerosis. Additional efforts are required to optimize these compounds and to validate them as cardiovascular-protective drugs.