Channelpedia

PubMed 20299331


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , HCN1 , HCN3 , HCN4 , Kir2.1



Title: Mineralocorticoid Receptor Overexpression in Embryonic Stem Cell Derived Cardiomyocytes Increases Their Beating Frequency.

Authors: Damien Le Menuet, Mathilde Munier, Geri Meduri, Say Viengchareun, Marc Lombès

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Mar 17 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20299331


Abstract
Cardiac mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation triggers adverse cardiovascular events that could be efficiently prevented by mineralocorticoid antagonists. To gain insights into the pathophysiological role of MR function, we established embryonic stem (ES) cell lines from blastocysts of transgenic mice overexpressing the human MR driven by its proximal P1 or distal P2 promoter and presenting with cardiomyopathy, tachycardia, and arrhythmia. Cardiomyocyte differentiation allowed us to investigate the molecular mechanisms contributing to MR-mediated cardiac dysfunction.During cardiac differentiation, wild-type (WT) and recombinant ES cell cultures and excised beating patches expressed endogenous MR along with cardiac gene markers. The two-fold increase in MR protein detected in P1.hMR and P2.hMR cardiomyocytes led to a parallel increase in the spontaneous beating frequency of hMR-overexpressing cardiomyocytes compared with WT. The MR-mediated chronotropic effect was ligand-independent, could be partially repressed by spironolactone, and was accompanied by a significant two- to four-fold increase in mRNA and protein levels of the pacemaker channel HCN1, generating depolarizing If currents, thus revealing a potential new MR target. This was associated with modification in the expression of HCN4, the inward-rectifier potassium channel Kir2.1, and the L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel Cav1.2.We demonstrate that the amplification of MR signalling in ES-derived cardiomyocytes has a major impact on cardiomyocyte contractile properties through an important remodelling of ion channel expression, contributing to arrhythmias. Our results highlight the prominent role of MR function in cardiac physiology and support the benefit of MR antagonists in the management of cardiac dysfunctions.