PubMed 20196769

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Analysis of the interactions between the C-terminal cytoplasmic domains of KCNQ1 and KCNE1 channel subunits.

Authors: Renjian Zheng, Keith Thompson, Edmond Obeng-Gyimah, Dana M Alessi, Jerri Chen, Huiyong Cheng, Thomas V McDonald

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Mar 2 , ,

PubMed link:

Ion channel subunits encoded by KCNQ1 and KCNE1 produce the slowly activating K+ current (IKs) that plays a central role in myocardial repolarization. The KCNQ1 alpha-subunit and the KCNE1 beta-subunit assemble with their membrane-spanning segments interacting, resulting in transformation of channel activation kinetics. We recently reported a functional interaction involving C-terminal portions of the two subunits with ensuing regulation of channel deactivation. In the present study, we provide evidence characterizing a physical interaction between the KCNQ1-CT (KCNE1 C-terminus) and the KCNE1-CT (KCNE1 C-terminus). When expressed in cultured cells, the KCNE1-CT co-localized with KCNQ1, co-immunoprecipitated with KCNQ1 and perturbed deactivation kinetics of the KCNQ1 currents. Purified KCNQ1-CT and KCNE1-CT physically interacted in pull-down experiments, indicating a direct association. Deletion analysis of KCNQ1-CT indicated that the KCNE1-CT binds to a KCNQ1 region just after the last transmembrane segment, but N-terminal to the tetramerization domain. SPR (surface plasmon resonance) corroborated the pull-down results, showing that the most proximal region (KCNQ1 amino acids 349-438) contributed most to the bimolecular interaction with a dissociation constant of approximately 4 microM. LQT (long QT) mutants of the KCNE1-CT, D76N and W87F, retained binding to the KCNQ1-CT with comparable affinity, indicating that these disease-causing mutations do not alter channel behaviour by disruption of the association. Several LQT mutations involving the KCNQ1-CT, however, showed various effects on KCNQ1/KCNE1 association. Our results indicate that the KCNQ1-CT and the KCNE1-CT comprise an independent interaction domain that may play a role in IKs channel regulation that is potentially affected in some LQTS (LQT syndrome) mutations.