PubMed 19926787

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4 , Slo1

Title: The ClC-3 Cl-/H+ antiporter becomes uncoupled at low extracellular pH.

Authors: James J Matsuda, Mohammed S Filali, Malia M Collins, Kenneth A Volk, Fred S Lamb

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2010 Jan 22 , 285, 2569-79

PubMed link:

Adenovirus expressing ClC-3 (Ad-ClC-3) induces Cl(-)/H(+) antiport current (I(ClC-3)) in HEK293 cells. The outward rectification and time dependence of I(ClC-3) closely resemble an endogenous HEK293 cell acid-activated Cl(-) current (ICl(acid)) seen at extracellular pH <or= 5.5. ICl(acid) was present in smooth muscle cells from wild-type but not ClC-3 null mice. We therefore sought to determine whether these currents were related. ICl(acid) was larger in cells expressing Ad-ClC-3. Protons shifted the reversal potential (E(rev)) of I(ClC-3) between pH 8.2 and 6.2, but not pH 6.2 and 5.2, suggesting that Cl(-) and H(+) transport become uncoupled at low pH. At pH 4.0 E(rev) was completely Cl(-) dependent (55.8 +/- 2.3 mV/decade). Several findings linked ClC-3 with native ICl(acid); 1) RNA interference directed at ClC-3 message reduced native ICl(acid); 2) removal of the extracellular "fast gate" (E224A) produced large currents that were pH-insensitive; and 3) wild-type I(ClC-3) and ICl(acid) were both inhibited by (2-sulfonatoethyl)methanethiosulfonate (MTSES; 10-500 microm)-induced alkanethiolation at exposed cysteine residues. However, a ClC-3 mutant lacking four extracellular cysteine residues (C103_P130del) was completely resistant to MTSES. C103_P130del currents were still acid-activated, but could be distinguished from wild-type I(ClC-3) and from native ICl(acid) by a much slower response to low pH. Thus, ClC-3 currents are activated by protons and ClC-3 protein may account for native ICl(acid). Low pH uncouples Cl(-)/H(+) transport so that at pH 4.0 ClC-3 behaves as an anion-selective channel. These findings have important implications for the biology of Cl(-)/H(+) antiporters and perhaps for pH regulation in highly acidic intracellular compartments.