PubMed 19935900

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav3.1

Title: The dihydropyridine analogue cerebrocrast blocks both T-type and L-type calcium currents.

Authors: Mária Drígelová, Bohumila Tarabova, Gunars Duburs, Lubica Lacinova

Journal, date & volume: Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2009 Nov , 87, 923-32

PubMed link:

Cerebrocrast is a novel lipophilic dihydropyridine derivative with potential neuroprotective and antidiabetic properties. We have analyzed its interaction with L-type (CaV1.2b) and T-type (CaV3.1) calcium channels using a whole-cell patch clamp in HEK 293 cells. Cerebrocrast inhibited current flux through both CaV1.2b and CaV3.1 channels. In both cases, the drug was about 10-fold less effective than neutral dihydropyridines, but more efficient than the charged dihydropyridine amlodipine. IC50 values for the CaV1.2b channel were 586 +/- 96 nmol/L and 178 +/- 78 nmol/L at holding potentials of -80 mV and -50 mV, respectively. Approximately 50 micromol/L of cerebrocrast was needed to block 50% of the current amplitude in the CaV3.1 channel, but this inhibition was not facilitated by shifting the holding potential from -100 mV to -70 mV. Cerebrocrast did not alter current kinetics in either investigated channel, and the inhibition of calcium current was partly reversible or irreversible. In conclusion, the interaction of cerebrocrast with CaV3.1 lacked the typical characteristics of a state-dependent interaction, and voltage-dependent inhibition of CaV1.2b was consistent with partial interaction with the inactivated state of the channel.