PubMed 20156558

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4

Title: 1alpha,25(OH)(2)-Vitamin D(3) stimulation of secretion via chloride channel activation in Sertoli cells.

Authors: Danusa Menegaz, Antonio Barrientos-Duran, Andrew Kline, Fátima R M B Silva, Anthony W Norman, Mathew T Mizwicki, Laura P Zanello

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Feb 12 , ,

PubMed link:

Sertoli cell secretory activities are highly dependent on ion channel functions and critical to spermatogenesis. The steroid hormone 1alpha,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2-D3) stimulates exocytosis in different cell systems by activating a nongenotropic vitamin D receptor (VDR). Here, we described 1,25(OH)2-D3 stimulation of secretion via Cl(-) channel activation in the mouse immature Sertoli cell line TM4. 1,25(OH)2-D3 potentiation of chloride currents was dependent on hormone concentration, and correlated with a significant increase in whole-cell capacitance within 20-40 min. In addition, Cl(-) currents were potentiated by the nongenomic VDR agonist 1alpha,25(OH)2 lumisterol D3 (JN), while 1,25(OH)2-D3 potentiation of channels was suppressed by nongenomic VDR antagonist 1beta,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (HL). Treatment of TM4 cells with PKC and PKA activators PMA and forskolin respectively, increased Cl(-) currents significantly, while PKC and PKA inhibitors Go6983 and H-89, respectively, abolished 1,25(OH)2-D3 stimulation of Cl(-) currents, suggesting phosphorylation pathways in 1,25(OH))2-D3 mediated channel responses. RT-PCR demonstrated the expression of outwardly rectifying ClC-3 channels in TM4 cells. Taken together, our results demonstrate a PKA/PKC-dependent 1,25(OH)2-D3/VDR nongenotropic pathway leading to Cl(-) channel and exocytosis activation in Sertoli cells. We conclude that 1,25(OH)2-D3 appears to be a modulator of male reproductive functions at least in part by stimulating Sertoli cell secretory functions.