PubMed 20021289

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1

Title: Heterocyclic indazole derivatives as SGK1 inhibitors, WO2008138448.

Authors: Florian Lang, Agnes Görlach

Journal, date & volume: Expert Opin Ther Pat, 2010 Jan , 20, 129-35

PubMed link:

Heterocyclic indazole derivatives are claimed in patent WO2008138448 as inhibitors of the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible-kinase 1 (SGK1) and drugs for the pharmacological treatment of SGK1-related diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, systemic and pulmonary hypertension, cardiac fibrosis, hypertrophy and insufficiency, arteriosclerosis, glomerulosclerosis, nephrosclerosis, nephritis, nephropathy, deranged electrolyte excretion, fibrosing and inflammatory disease (e.g., liver cirrhosis, lung fibrosis, rheumatism, arthrosis, Crohn s disease, chronic bronchitis, radiation fibrosis, sclerodermia, cystic fibrosis, scar formation and Alzheimer' disease), tumor growth, peptic ulcers and some disorders hitherto not conclusively shown to involve SGK1. Most of the claims are supported by the literature. SGK1 is ubiquitously expressed and its expression is stimulated by hyperglycemia, cell shrinkage, ischemia, glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and several inflammatory mediators including TGF-ss. SGK1 is activated by insulin and growth factors via the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase pathway. SGK1 regulates ion channels (including ENaC, KCNE1/KCNQ1), carriers (including NCC, NHE3, SGLT1), Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, enzymes (including glycogen-synthase-kinase-3) and transcription factors (including FOXO3a, ss-catenin, NF-kappaB). A gain-of-function SGK1 gene variant, carried by approximately 3 - 5% of Caucasians and approximately 10% of Africans, is associated with increased blood pressure, obesity and type 2 diabetes. In vitro and in vivo experiments suggested a critical role of SGK1 in renal fluid retention and hypertension, glucose-induced obesity, coagulation and increased matrix protein formation.