Channelpedia

PubMed 20001554


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.7



Title: Targeting voltage-gated sodium channels for pain therapy.

Authors: Jeffrey J Clare

Journal, date & volume: Expert Opin Investig Drugs, 2010 Jan , 19, 45-62

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20001554


Abstract
Drugs inhibiting voltage-gated sodium channels have long been used as analgesics, beginning with the use of local anaesthetics for sensory blockade and then with the discovery that Nav-blocking anticonvulsants also have benefit for pain therapy. These drugs were discovered without knowledge of their molecular target, using traditional pharmacological methods, and their clinical utility is limited by relatively narrow therapeutic windows. Until recently, attempts to develop improved inhibitors using modern molecular-targeted screening approaches have met with limited success. However, in the last few years there has been renewed activity following the discovery of human Nav1.7 mutations that cause striking insensitivity to pain. Together with recent advances in the technologies required to prosecute ion channels as drug targets, this has led to significant progress being made. This article reviews these developments and summarises current findings with these emerging new Nav inhibitors, highlighting some of the unanswered questions and the challenges that remain before they can be developed for clinical use.