PubMed 20018719

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Functionality of the voltage-gated proton channel truncated in S4.

Authors: Souhei Sakata, Tatsuki Kurokawa, Morten H H Nørholm, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshifumi Okochi, Gunnar von Heijne, Yasushi Okamura

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2010 Feb 2 , 107, 2313-8

PubMed link:

The voltage sensor domain (VSD) is the key module for voltage sensing in voltage-gated ion channels and voltage-sensing phosphatases. Structurally, both the VSD and the recently discovered voltage-gated proton channels (Hv channels) voltage sensor only protein (VSOP) and Hv1 contain four transmembrane segments. The fourth transmembrane segment (S4) of Hv channels contains three periodically aligned arginines (R1, R2, R3). It remains unknown where protons permeate or how voltage sensing is coupled to ion permeation in Hv channels. Here we report that Hv channels truncated just downstream of R2 in the S4 segment retain most channel properties. Two assays, site-directed cysteine-scanning using accessibility of maleimide-reagent as detected by Western blotting and insertion into dog pancreas microsomes, both showed that S4 inserts into the membrane, even if it is truncated between the R2 and R3 positions. These findings provide important clues to the molecular mechanism underlying voltage sensing and proton permeation in Hv channels.