Channelpedia

PubMed 19454284


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4



Title: Activation of intestinal Cl- secretion by lubiprostone requires the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator.

Authors: Marcel J C Bijvelds, Alice G M Bot, Johanna C Escher, Hugo R de Jonge

Journal, date & volume: Gastroenterology, 2009 Sep , 137, 976-85

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19454284


Abstract
Lubiprostone alleviates constipation by stimulating intestinal fluid secretion, purportedly through activation of ClC-2-type Cl(-) channels. Intestinal obstruction is also a recurrent cause of distress in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, caused by loss of CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel activity. Because ClC-2 recruitment might be beneficial to CF patients, we investigated lubiprostone's mode of action.Cl(-) transport was measured in an Ussing chamber, in 3 model systems: (1) T84 colonocytes, (2) intestinal epithelium of wild-type and CF mice, and (3) intestinal epithelium of CF patients and controls.In T84 monolayers, lubiprostone induced a robust secretory response. Selective permeabilization of the basolateral plasma membrane revealed that lubiprostone activated an apical Cl(-) conductance. The lubiprostone response was attenuated by H89, an inhibitor of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase, and lubiprostone precluded responsiveness to the cAMP agonist forskolin. CFTR blockage by CFTRinh172, but not ClC-2 blockage by CdCl(2), inhibited the lubiprostone response. Lubiprostone induced a CdCl(2)-insensitive secretory response in mouse intestine, but failed to induce intestinal Cl(-) secretion in Cftr-null mice. Correspondingly, lubiprostone induced a secretory response in human intestinal epithelium, but not in tissue of CF patients. The EP(4)-type prostanoid receptor antagonist L-161,982 blocked the lubiprostone response in all 3 models studied. In T84 cells, lubiprostone induced a rise in cAMP levels that was sensitive to EP(4)-receptor blockage.Lubiprostone enhances intestinal Cl(-) and fluid secretion via prostanoid receptor signaling, triggering activation of CFTR. Therefore, it is of limited use for treatment of CF-related intestinal disease.