PubMed 19422847

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Automatically associated channels: Nav1.5 , Slo1

Title: The mechanism of the actions of oxaliplatin on ion currents and action potentials in differentiated NG108-15 neuronal cells.

Authors: Sheng-Nan Wu, Bing-Shuo Chen, Yung-Han Wu, Hsung Peng, Li-Tzong Chen

Journal, date & volume: Neurotoxicology, 2009 Jul , 30, 677-85

PubMed link:

Oxaliplatin (OXAL) is a platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent which is effective against advanced or metastatic gastrointestinal cancer. However, the mechanisms responsible for the development of the neuropathy induced by this agent remain unclear. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the possible effects of OXAL on ion currents and action potentials (APs) in NG108-15 cells differentiated with dibutyryl cyclic-AMP. Application of OXAL decreased the peak amplitude of voltage-gated Na(+) current (I(Na)) with no change in the overall current-voltage relations of the currents. This agent also produced a concentration-dependent slowing of I(Na) inactivation. A further application of ranolazine reversed OXAL-induced slowing of I(Na) inactivation. Unlike ranolazine or riluzole, OXAL had no effect on persistent I(Na) elicited by long ramp pulses. OXAL (100 microM) also had little or no effect on the peak amplitude of L-type Ca(2+) currents in NG108-15 cells, while it suppressed delayed-rectifier K(+) current. In current-clamp recordings, OXAL alone reduced the amplitude of APs; however, it did not alter the duration of APs. However, after application of tefluthrin, OXAL did increase the duration of APs. Moreover, OXAL decreased the peak amplitude of I(Na) with a concomitant reduction of current inactivation in HEK293T cells expressing SCN5A. The effects of OXAL on ion currents presented here may contribute to its neurotoxic actions in vivo.