PubMed 19616510

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir4.1 , Kir5.1

Title: Modulation of Kir4.1 and Kir4.1-Kir5.1 channels by extracellular cations.

Authors: Rikke Søe, Mogens Andreasen, Dan Arne Klaerke

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2009 Sep , 1788, 1706-13

PubMed link:

This work demonstrates that extracellular Na(+) modulates the cloned inwardly rectifying K(+) channels Kir4.1 and Kir4.1-Kir5.1. Whole-cell patch clamp studies on astrocytes have previously indicated that inward potassium currents are regulated by external Na(+). We expressed Kir4.1 and Kir4.1-Kir5.1 in Xenopus oocytes to disclose if Kir4.1 and/or Kir4.1-Kir5.1 at the molecular level are responsible for the observed effect of [Na(+)](o) and to investigate the regulatory mechanism of external cations further. Our results showed that Na(+) has a biphasic modulatory effect on both Kir4.1 and Kir4.1-Kir5.1 currents. Depending on the Na(+)-concentration and applied voltage, the inward Kir4.1/Kir4.1-Kir5.1 currents are either enhanced or reduced by extracellular Na(+). The Na(+) activation was voltage-independent, whereas the Na(+)-induced reduction of the Kir4.1 and Kir4.1-Kir5.1 currents was both concentration-, time- and voltage-dependent. Our data indicate that the biphasic effect of extracellular Na(+)on the Kir4.1 and Kir4.1-Kir5.1 channels is caused by two separate mechanisms.