PubMed 19949657

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Novel CLCN1 mutations and clinical features of Korean patients with myotonia congenita.

Authors: In-Soo Moon, Hyang-Sook Kim, Jin-Hong Shin, Yeong-Eun Park, Kyu-Hyun Park, Yong-Bum Shin, Jong Seok Bae, Young-Chul Choi, Dae-Seong Kim

Journal, date & volume: J. Korean Med. Sci., 2009 Dec , 24, 1038-44

PubMed link:

Myotonia congenita (MC) is a form of nondystrophic myotonia caused by a mutation of CLCN1, which encodes human skeletal muscle chloride channel (CLC-1). We performed sequence analysis of all coding regions of CLCN1 in patients clinically diagnosed with MC, and identified 10 unrelated Korean patients harboring mutations. Detailed clinical analysis was performed in these patients to identify their clinical characteristics in relation to their genotypes. The CLCN1 mutational analyses revealed nine different point mutations. Of these, six (p.M128I, p.S189C, p.M373L, p.P480S, p.G523D, and p.M609K) were novel and could be unique among Koreans. While some features including predominant lower extremity involvement and normal to slightly elevated creatine kinase levels were consistently observed, general clinical features were highly variable in terms of age of onset, clinical severity, aggravating factors, and response to treatment. Our study is the first systematic study of MC in Korea, and shows its expanding clinical and genetic spectrums.