PubMed 18820838

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Slo1

Title: Regulation of T-type Cav3.1 channels expression by synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone in neonatal cardiac myocytes.

Authors: Fatima BenMohamed, Laurent Ferron, Yann Ruchon, Elodie Gouadon, Jean-François Renaud, Véronique Capuano

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Cell. Biochem., 2009 Jan , 320, 173-83

PubMed link:

The effect of the dexamethasone (Dex) on the regulation of the T-type Ca(2+) channel expressions was investigated in primary cultures of neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. We found that Dex (1 microM) increases the T-type Ca(2+) current (I(CaT)) associated with an increase in Ca(v)3.1 mRNA amount. We isolated the upstream region from Ca(v)3.1 encoding gene and tested the activity of the promoter in transfected ventricular myocytes. We found a minimal Dex-responsive region that displayed putative glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkappaB) targets. The GR selective antagonist, RU38486 (10 microM), nearly turned off the transcriptional activity of Ca(v)3.1 encoding gene, and an NFkappaB inhibitor, pyrrolodine dithiocarbonate (10 microM), completely abolished the Dex-induced mRNA increase. However, Dex-induced GR and NFkappaB synthesis and nuclear translocation were not timely related to Ca(v)3.1 mRNA increase. These results indicate that both GR and NFkappaB were necessary, but not sufficient, to trigger the increase in Ca(v)3.1 mRNA amount. This study showed the relationship between glucocorticoid and T-type channels up-regulation that may be involved in cardiac development and pathology.