PubMed 19543743

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , ClvC7

Title: Characteristics of ClC7 Cl- channels and their inhibition in mutant (G215R) associated with autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II in native osteoclasts and hClcn7 gene-expressing cells.

Authors: Hiroshi Kajiya, Fujio Okamoto, Kimiko Ohgi, Akihiro Nakao, Hidefumi Fukushima, Koji Okabe

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2009 Oct , 458, 1049-59

PubMed link:

ClC7 Cl(-) channels (Clcn7) are crucial for osteoclastic bone resorption and have heterozygous mutation in autosomal osteopetrosis type II (ADO II) patients. Although extracellular acidification is known to induce ClC7 Cl(-) currents in Clcn7-transfected oocytes, other characteristics of this acid-induced Cl(-) current, as well as the effects of mutant Clcn7 in ADO II, remain to be determined. The present study showed that extracellular acidification evoked outward Cl(-) currents in mouse osteoclasts. Expression of wild-type human Clcn7 in HEK293 cells also induced a significant increase in acid-activated Cl(-) currents. These acid-activated Cl(-) currents were independent of intracellular acidification and [Ca(2+)]( i ) increase. HEK293 cells with the Clcn7 mutation associated with ADO II at G215R did not display these Cl(-) currents. These results suggest that osteoclastic ClC7 Cl(-) channels are activated under extracellar acidification and suppressed in Clcn7 mutant associated with ADO II during bone resorption.