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PubMed 19887454


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Title: Conditional disruption of Pkd1 in osteoblasts results in osteopenia due to direct impairment of bone formation.

Authors: Zhousheng Xiao, Shiqin Zhang, Li Cao, Ni Qiu, Valentin David, L Darryl Quarles

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2010 Jan 8 , 285, 1177-87

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19887454


Abstract
PKD1 (polycystin-1), the disease-causing gene for ADPKD, is widely expressed in various cell types, including osteoblasts, where its function is unknown. Although global inactivation of Pkd1 in mice results in abnormal skeletal development, the presence of polycystic kidneys and perinatal lethality confound ascertaining the direct osteoblastic functions of PKD1 in adult bone. To determine the role of PKD1 in osteoblasts, we conditionally inactivated Pkd1 in postnatal mature osteoblasts by crossing Oc (osteocalcin)-Cre mice with floxed Pkd1 (Pkd1(flox/m1Bei)) mice to generate conditional heterozygous (Oc-Cre;Pkd1(flox/+)) and homozygous (Oc-Cre;Pkd1(flox/m1Bei)) Pkd1-deficient mice. Cre-mediated recombination (Pkd1(Delta flox)) occurred exclusively in bone. Compared with control mice, the conditional deletion of Pkd1 from osteoblasts resulted in a gene dose-dependent reduction in bone mineral density, trabecular bone volume, and cortical thickness. In addition, mineral apposition rates and osteoblast-related gene expression, including Runx2-II (Runt-related transcription factor 2), osteocalcin, osteopontin, and bone sialoprotein, were reduced proportionate to the reduction of Pkd1 gene dose in bone of Oc-Cre;Pkd1(flox/+) and Oc-Cre;Pkd1(flox/m1Bei) mice. Primary osteoblasts derived from Oc-Cre;Pkd1(flox/m1Bei) displayed impaired differentiation and suppressed activity of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt-GSK3beta-beta-catenin signaling pathways. The conditional deletion of Pkd1 also resulted in increased adipogenesis in bone marrow and in osteoblast cultures. Thus, PKD1 directly functions in osteoblasts to regulate bone formation.