PubMed 19629520

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: HCN2 , HCN3 , HCN4

Title: Distinct regulation of cardiac I(f) current via thyroid receptors alpha1 and beta1.

Authors: Natig Gassanov, Fikret Er, Jeannette Endres-Becker, Martin Wolny, Christoph Schramm, Uta C Hoppe

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2009 Oct , 458, 1061-8

PubMed link:

Thyroid hormone (TH) markedly modulates cardiovascular function and heart rate. The pacemaker current I(f) and encoding hyperpolarization-activated cation (HCN) genes have been identified as TH targets. To analyze the specific contribution and functional significance of thyroid receptor isoforms responsible for HCN gene transactivation, we generated transgenic neonatal rat cardiomyocytes with adenovirus-mediated overexpression of the thyroid receptors alpha1 (TR alpha 1) and beta1 (TR beta 1), and analyzed native I(f) current and expression levels of the underlying molecular components HCN2 and HCN4. Initial results revealed that spontaneous beating activity was higher in TR alpha 1- and lower in TR beta 1-expressing cardiomyocytes. This was associated with accelerated depolarization velocity and abbreviated action potential duration in cells overexpressing TR alpha 1, while TR beta 1 suppressed phase 4 depolarization and prolonged action potentials. Consistently, TR alpha 1-infected myocytes exhibited larger I(f) current densities along with increased HCN2 and HCN4 mRNA and protein levels. In contrast, HCN2 gene expression was not significantly affected by TR beta 1. TR beta 1 exclusively suppressed HCN4 transcription. T3 application led to significant effects only in controls and TR alpha 1-infected cardiomyocytes; whereas, no ligand-dependent actions were observed in TR beta 1-expressing neonatal cardiomyocytes. Our results demonstrate that TR alpha 1 and TR beta 1 divergently regulate cardiac pacing activity. TH-induced positive chronotropic effects are likely to be mediated by TR alpha 1 through enhanced expression of I(f) pacemaker current and its underlying genes.