PubMed 19608983

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KChip2a , Kv1.4 , Kv1.5 , Kv2.1 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3 , Slo1

Title: Estrogen contributes to gender differences in mouse ventricular repolarization.

Authors: Tomoaki Saito, Andrea Ciobotaru, Jean Chrisostome Bopassa, Ligia Toro, Enrico Stefani, Mansoureh Eghbali

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2009 Aug 14 , 105, 343-52

PubMed link:

Fast-transient outward K(+) (I(to,f)) and ultrarapid delayed rectifier K(+) currents (I(K,slow), also known as I(Kur)) contribute to mouse cardiac repolarization. Gender studies on these currents have reported conflicting results.Key missing information in these studies is the estral stage of the animals. We revisited gender-related differences in K(+) currents, taking into consideration the females' estral stage. We hypothesized that changes in estrogen levels during the estral cycle could play a role in determining the densities of K(+) currents underlying ventricular repolarization.Peak total K(+) current (I(K,total)) densities (pA/pF, at +40 mV) were much higher in males (48.6+/-3.0) versus females at estrus (27.2+/-2.3) but not at diestrus-2 (39.1+/-3.4). Underlying this change, I(to,f) and I(K,slow) were lower in females at estrus versus males and diestrus-2 (I(K,slow): male 21.9+/-1.8, estrus 14.6+/-0.6, diestrus-2 20.3+/-1.4; I(to,f): male 26.8+/-1.9, estrus 14.9+/-1.6, diestrus-2 22.1+/-2.1). Lower I(K,slow) in estrus was attributable to only I(K,slow)(1) reduction, without changes in I(K,slow)(2). Estrogen treatment of ovariectomized mice decreased I(K,total) (46.4+/-3.0 to 28.4+/-1.6), I(to,f) (26.6+/-1.6 to 12.8+/-1.0) and I(K,slow) (22.2+/-1.6 to 17.2+/-1.4). Transcript levels of Kv4.3 and Kv1.5 (underlying I(to,f) and I(K,slow), respectively) were lower in estrus versus diestrus-2 and male. In ovariectomized mice, estrogen treatment resulted in downregulation of Kv4.3 and Kv1.5 but not Kv4.2, KChIP2, or Kv2.1 transcripts. K(+) current reduction in high estrogenic conditions were associated with prolongation of the action potential duration and corrected QT interval.Downregulation of Kv4.3 and Kv1.5 transcripts by estrogen are one mechanism defining gender-related differences in mouse ventricular repolarization.