PubMed 17060317

Referenced in: none

Automatically associated channels: KChIP2 , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2 , Kv4.3

Title: Calcineurin increases cardiac transient outward K+ currents via transcriptional up-regulation of Kv4.2 channel subunits.

Authors: Nanling Gong, Ilona Bodi, Carsten Zobel, Arnold Schwartz, Jeffery D Molkentin, Peter H Backx

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2006 Dec 15 , 281, 38498-506

PubMed link:

Fast transient outward potassium currents (I(to,f)) are critical determinants of regional heterogeneity of cardiomyocyte repolarization as well as cardiomyocyte contractility. Additionally, I(to,f) densities are markedly down-regulated in cardiac hypertrophy and heart disease, conditions associated with activation of the serine/threonine phosphatase calcineurin (Cn). In this study, we investigated the regulation of I(to,f) expression by Cn in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) with and without alpha(1)-adrenoreceptor stimulation with phenylephrine (PE). Overexpression of constitutively active Cn in NRVMs induced hypertrophy and caused profound increases in I(to,f) density as well as Kv4.2 mRNA and protein expression and promoter activity, without affecting Kv4.3 or KChIP2 levels. The effects of Cn on hypertrophy, I(to,f), and Kv4.2 transcription were associated with NFAT activation and were abrogated by NFAT inhibition. Despite activating Cn and inducing hypertrophy in NRVMs, PE resulted in profound down-regulation of I(to,f) densities as well as Kv4.2, Kv4.3, and KChIP2 expression. Although hypertrophy and NFAT activation were inhibited by the Cn inhibitory peptide CAIN, I(to,f) and Kv4.2 expression were further reduced by CAIN, whereas Cn overexpression eliminated PE-induced reductions in I(to,f) and Kv4.2 expression without affecting Kv4.3 or KChIP2 levels. We conclude that Cn increases cardiac I(to,f) densities by positively regulating Kv4.2 gene transcription. Consistent with this conclusion, we found that I(to,f) was increased in myocytes isolated from young mice overexpressing Cn prior to the development of heart disease. This positive regulation of Kv4.2 transcription by Cn activation is expected to minimize the reductions in I(to,f) and Kv4.2 expression observed in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes.