Channelpedia

PubMed 17479213


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.4



Title: Attenuation of oscillatory potentials in nob2 mice.

Authors: Minzhong Yu, Neal S Peachey

Journal, date & volume: , 2007 Nov , 115, 173-86

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17479213


Abstract
To examine changes in inner retinal function of nob2 mice, expressing a null mutation in Cacna1f encoding the Ca(V)1.4 subunit of voltage-dependent calcium channels. CACNA1F mutations underlie one form of incomplete X-linked congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB2). In addition to a loss of dark-adapted (rod-driven) visual sensitivity, electroretinogram (ERG) b-waves and oscillatory potentials (OPs) are decreased in CSNB2 patients.ERGs were recorded under dark-and light-adapted conditions from the corneal surface of nob2 mice, WT littermates and nob4 mice. ERG frequency spectra were calculated by fast Fourier transform (FFT). A FFT-based high-pass filter was used to derive OP waveforms.Under dark-adapted conditions, the dominant frequency of the OPs varied between 90 to 120 Hz in WT mice. In WT mice, OP frequency first increased with flash intensity and then decreased at the highest flash levels while overall OP amplitude increased monotonically with increasing flash intensity. In response to low stimulus flashes, reliable OPs were not obtained from nob2 mice. OPs were only seen at stimulus intensities at or above -1.8 log cd s/m(2), where they occurred at a lower frequency range (70-90 Hz) than for WT mice. When flash stimuli were superimposed against a steady rod-desensitizing adapting field, the amplitude and frequency of WT OPs increased with flash intensity above 0.4 log cd s/m(2). In comparison to WT results, cone-mediated OPs obtained from nob2 mice were smaller in amplitude, of lower frequency and had delayed implicit times. We compared the extent to which OPs and the b-wave were reduced in nob2 mice, by normalizing to the results obtained from WT mice. In comparison to the b-wave, the OPs were relatively spared, under both dark- and light-adapted conditions.In nob2 mice, rod- and cone-driven OPs are reduced in amplitude and occur at a lower frequency range. Since Ca(V)1.4 is expressed in both the inner and outer plexiform layers, these changes are likely to reflect reduced transmission from photoreceptors to bipolar cells as well as alterations in inner retinal function. That the OPs were better preserved than b-waves suggests that inner retinal pathways may be reorganized in response to the decreased bipolar cell response in nob2 mice.