PubMed 17242956

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3

Title: Methyl-beta-cyclodextrin reversibly alters the gating of lipid rafts-associated Kv1.3 channels in Jurkat T lymphocytes.

Authors: Igor I Pottosin, Georgina Valencia-Cruz, Edgar Bonales-Alatorre, Sergey N Shabala, Oxana R Dobrovinskaya

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2007 May , 454, 235-44

PubMed link:

The voltage-dependent Kv1.3 potassium channels mediate a variety of physiological functions in human T lymphocytes. These channels, along with their multiple regulatory components, are localized in cholesterol-enriched microdomains of plasma membrane (lipid rafts). In this study, patch-clamp technique was applied to explore the impact of the lipid-raft integrity on the Kv1.3 channel functional characteristics. T lymphoma Jurkat cells were treated for 1 h with cholesterol-binding oligosaccharide methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD) in 1 or 2 mM concentration, resulting in depletion of cholesterol by 63 +/- 5 or 75 +/- 4%, respectively. Treatment with 2 mM MbetaCD did not affect the cells viability but retarded the cell proliferation. The latter treatment caused a depolarizing shift of the Kv1.3 channel activation and inactivation by 11 and 6 mV, respectively, and more than twofold decrease in the steady-state activity at depolarizing potentials. Altogether, these changes underlie the depolarization of membrane potential, recorded in a current-clamp mode. The effects of MbetaCD were concentration- and time-dependent and reversible. Both development and recovery of the MbetaCD effects were completed within 1-2 h. Therefore, cholesterol depletion causes significant alterations in the Kv1.3 channel function, whereas T cells possess a potential to reverse these changes.