PubMed 18600365

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , Kir6.1

Title: Persistent beneficial effect of postconditioning against infarct size: role of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels during reperfusion.

Authors: James Mykytenko, James G Reeves, Hajime Kin, Ning-Ping Wang, Amanda J Zatta, Rong Jiang, Robert A Guyton, Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Zhi-Qing Zhao

Journal, date & volume: Basic Res. Cardiol., 2008 Sep , 103, 472-84

PubMed link:

This study tested the hypothesis that inhibition of myocardial injury and modulation of mitochondrial dysfunction by postconditioning (Postcon) after 24 h of reperfusion is associated with activation of K(ATP) channels. Thirty dogs undergoing 60 min of ischemia and 24 h of reperfusion (R) were randomly divided into four groups:no intervention at R; Postcon: three cycles of 30 s R alternating with 30 s re-occlusion were applied at R; 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD): the mitochondrial K(ATP) channel blocker was infused 5 min before Postcon; HMR1098: the sarcolemmal K(ATP) channel blocker was administered 5 min before Postcon. After 24 h of R, infarct size was smaller in Postcon relative to CONTROL (27 +/- 4%* Vs. 39 +/- 2% of area at risk), consistent with a reduction in CK activity (66 +/- 7* Vs. 105 +/- 7 IU/g). The infarct-sparing effect of Postcon was blocked by 5-HD (48 +/- 5%(dagger)), but was not altered by HMR1098 (29 +/- 3%*), consistent with the change in CK activity (102 +/- 8(dagger) in 5-HD and 71 +/- 6* IU/g in HMR1098). In H9c2 cells exposed to 8 h hypoxia and 3 h of reoxygenation, Postcon up-regulated expression of mito-K(ATP) channel Kir6.1 protein, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening evidenced by preserved fluorescent TMRE and calcein staining. The protective effects were blocked by 5-HD, but not by HMR1098. These data suggest that in a clinically relevant model of ischemia-reperfusion (1) Postcon reduces infarct size and decreases CK activity after prolonged reperfusion; (2) protection by Postcon is achieved by opening mitochondrial K(ATP) channels and inhibiting mPTP opening. *P < 0.05 Vs. CONTROL; P < 0.05 Vs. Postcon.