PubMed 17699638

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1

Title: Differential effects of volatile and intravenous anesthetics on the activity of human TASK-1.

Authors: C Putzke, P J Hanley, G Schlichthörl, R Preisig-Müller, S Rinné, M Anetseder, R Eckenhoff, C Berkowitz, T Vassiliou, H Wulf, L Eberhart

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2007 Oct , 293, C1319-26

PubMed link:

Volatile anesthetics have been shown to activate various two-pore (2P) domain K(+) (K(2P)) channels such as TASK-1 and TREK-1 (TWIK-related acid-sensitive K(+) channel), and mice deficient in these channels are resistant to halothane-induced anesthesia. Here, we investigated whether K(2P) channels were also potentially important targets of intravenous anesthetics. Whole cell patch-clamp techniques were used to determine the effects of the commonly used intravenous anesthetics etomidate and propofol on the acid-sensitive K(+) current in rat ventricular myocytes (which strongly express TASK-1) and selected human K(2P) channels expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. In myocytes, etomidate decreased both inward rectifier K(+) (K(ir)) current (I(K1)) and acid-sensitive outward K(+) current at positive potentials, suggesting that this drug may inhibit TASK channels. Indeed, in addition to inhibiting guinea pig Kir2.1 expressed in oocytes, etomidate inhibited human TASK-1 (and TASK-3) in a concentration-dependent fashion. Propofol had no effect on human TASK-1 (or TASK-3) expressed in oocytes. Moreover, we showed that, similar to the known effect of halothane, sevoflurane and the purified R-(-)- and S-(+)-enantiomers of isoflurane, without stereoselectivity, activated human TASK-1. We conclude that intravenous and volatile anesthetics have dissimilar effects on K(2P) channels. Human TASK-1 (and TASK-3) are insensitive to propofol but are inhibited by supraclinical concentrations of etomidate. In contrast, stimulatory effects of sevoflurane and enantiomeric isoflurane on human TASK-1 can be observed at clinically relevant concentrations.