Channelpedia

PubMed 17990293


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4



Title: F413C and A531V but not R894X myotonia congenita mutations cause defective endoplasmic reticulum export of the muscle-specific chloride channel CLC-1.

Authors: Hinni Papponen, Marja Nissinen, Tuula Kaisto, Vilho V Myllylä, Raili Myllylä, Kalervo Metsikkö

Journal, date & volume: Muscle Nerve, 2008 Mar , 37, 317-25

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17990293


Abstract
In northern Finland myotonia congenita is caused by three main mutations in the ClC-1 chloride channel. We studied the molecular basis of these mutations (1238T>G/F413C, 1592C>T/A531V, and 2680C>T/R894X). The mutated cDNAs were expressed either in L6 myotubes or in isolated rat myofibers using recombinant Semliki Forest virus. Experiments in L6 cells indicated that A531V and R894X proteins suffered from stability problems in these cells. Analysis in myofibers indicated that the A531V protein was totally retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), whereas the export of the F413C protein was severely reduced. The C-terminal nonsense mutant (R894X), however, was normally transported to the Golgi elements in the myofibers. Defective export or reduced stability of the mutated proteins may thus be reasons for the myotonic symptoms.