PubMed 16914545

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1

Title: Specificity of the myotubularin family of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphatase is determined by the PH/GRAM domain.

Authors: Papiya Choudhury, Shekhar Srivastava, Zhai Li, Kyung Ko, Mamdouh Albaqumi, Kartik Narayan, William A Coetzee, Mark A Lemmon, Edward Y Skolnik

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2006 Oct 20 , 281, 31762-9

PubMed link:

Myotubularins (MTM) are a large subfamily of lipid phosphatases that specifically dephosphorylate at the D3 position of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI(3)P) in PI(3)P and PI(3,5)P2. We recently found that MTMR6 specifically inhibits the Ca2+-activated K+ channel, KCa3.1, by dephosphorylating PI(3)P. We now show that inhibition is specific for MTMR6 and other MTMs do not inhibit KCa3.1. By replacing either or both of the coiled-coil (CC) and pleckstrin homology/GRAM (PH/G) domains of MTMs that failed to inhibit KCa3.1 with the CC and PH/G domains of MTMR6, we found that chimeric MTMs containing both the MTMR6 CC and PH/G domains functioned like MTMR6 to inhibit KCa3.1 channel activity, whereas chimeric MTMs containing either domain alone did not. Immunofluorescent microscopy demonstrated that both the MTMR6 CC and PH/G domains are required to co-localize MTMR6 to the plasma membrane with KCa3.1. These findings support a model in which two specific low affinity interactions are required to co-localize MTMR6 with KCa3.1: 1) between the CC domains on MTMR6 and KCa3.1 and (2) between the PH/G domain and a component of the plasma membrane. Our inability to detect significant interaction of the MTMR6 G/PH domain with phosphoinositides suggests that this domain may bind a protein. Identifying the specific binding partners of the CC and PH/G domains on other MTMs will provide important clues to the specific functions regulated by other MTMs as well as the mechanism(s) whereby loss of some MTMs lead to disease.