Channelpedia

Coexpression of the KCNA3B gene product with Kv1.5 leads to a novel A-type potassium channel.


Authors: T Leicher, R Bähring, D Isbrandt, O Pongs

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 1998 Dec 25 , 273, 35095-101

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9857044

Channelpedia reference in: Kv1.5

Abstract
Shaker-related voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels may be heterooligomers consisting of membrane-integral alpha-subunits associated with auxiliary cytoplasmic beta-subunits. In this study we have cloned the human Kvbeta3.1 subunit and the corresponding KCNA3B gene. Identification of sequence-tagged sites in the gene mapped KCNA3B to band p13.1 of human chromosome 17. Comparison of the KCNA1B, KCNA2B, and KCNA3B gene structures showed that the three Kvbeta genes have very disparate lengths varying from >/=350 kb (KCNA1B) to approximately 7 kb (KCNA3B). Yet, the exon patterns of the three genes, which code for the seven known mammalian Kvbeta subunits, are very similar. The Kvbeta1 and Kvbeta2 splice variants are generated by alternative use of 5'-exons. Mouse Kvbeta4, a potential splice variant of Kvbeta3, is a read-through product where the open reading frame starts within the sequence intervening between Kvbeta3 exons 7 and 8. The human KCNA3B sequence does not contain a mouse Kvbeta4-like open reading frame. Human Kvbeta3 mRNA is specifically expressed in the brain, where it is predominantly detected in the cerebellum. The heterologous coexpression of human Kv1.5 and Kvbeta3.1 subunits in Chinese hamster ovary cells yielded a novel Kv channel mediating very fast inactivating (A-type) outward currents upon depolarization. Thus, the expression of Kvbeta3.1 subunits potentially extends the possibilities to express diverse A-type Kv channels in the human brain.