Channelpedia

Control of rectification and permeation by residues in two distinct domains in an inward rectifier K+ channel.


Authors: J Yang, Y N Jan, L Y Jan

Journal, date & volume: Neuron, 1995 May , 14, 1047-54

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7748552

Channelpedia reference in: Kir2.1

Abstract
Inwardly rectifying K+ channels conduct more inward than outward current as a result of voltage-dependent block of the channel pore by intracellular Mg2+ and polyamines. We investigated the molecular mechanism and structural determinants of inward rectification and ion permeation in a strongly rectifying channel, IRK1. Block by Mg2+ and polyamines is found not to conform to one-to-one binding, suggesting that a channel pore can accommodate more than one blocking particle. A negatively charged amino acid in the hydrophilic C-terminal domain is found to be critical for both inward rectification and ion permeation. This residue and a negatively charged residue in the putative second transmembrane segment (M2) contribute independently to high affinity binding of Mg2+ and polyamines. Mutation of this residue also induces Mg(2+)- and polyamine-independent inward rectification and dramatically alters single-channel behavior. We propose that the hydrophilic C-terminal domain comprises part of the channel pore and that involvement of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic domains in pore lining may provide a molecular basis for the multi-ion, long-pore nature of inwardly rectifying K+ channels.