Channelpedia

Current pharmacogenomic studies on hERG potassium channels.


Authors: Fa-Zhong He, Howard L McLeod, Wei Zhang

Journal, date & volume: Trends Mol Med, 2013 Apr , 19, 227-38

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23369369

Channelpedia reference in: Kv11.1

Abstract
Genetic polymorphisms in human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) potassium channels are associated with many complex diseases and sensitivity to channel-related drugs. Genotypes may underlie different sensitivities to the same drug, and different drugs selectively repair the functional deficits caused by individual mutations. In fact, not all drugs that block hERG function have adverse effects as previously thought. This suggests that the severe adverse reactions observed clinically may only occur in subjects with a particular genotype, but to others may be safe. Similarly, a drug that is ineffective in one population may be both safe and effective in another. Therefore, detecting polymorphisms in KCNH2 encoding hERG1 is of great significance in guiding the prevention and treatment of related diseases, re-evaluating drug safety, and individualizing treatment. This article reviews current pharmacogenomic studies on hERG potassium channels to provide a reference for developing individualized treatments and evaluating their safety.