Channelpedia

Kv1.3 potassium channel-blocking toxin Ctri9577, novel gating modifier of Kv4.3 potassium channel from the scorpion toxin family.


Authors: Chang Xie, Tian Li, Lingna Xu, Congya Yu, Zhijian Cao, Wenxin Li, Yingliang Wu

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2014 Feb 14 , 444, 406-10

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24472546

Channelpedia reference in: Kv1.3

Abstract
Scorpion toxin Ctri9577, as a potent Kv1.3 channel blocker, is a new member of the α-KTx15 subfamily which are a group of blockers for Kv4.x potassium channels. However, the pharmacological function of Ctri9577 for Kv4.x channels remains unknown. Scorpion toxin Ctri9577 was found to effectively inhibit Kv4.3 channel currents with IC50 value of 1.34 ± 0.03 μM. Different from the mechanism of scorpion toxins as the blocker recognizing channel extracellular pore entryways, Ctri9577 was a novel gating modifier affecting voltage dependence of activation, steady-state inactivation, and the recovery process from the inactivation of Kv4.3 channel. However, Ctri9755, as a potent Kv1.3 channel blocker, was found not to affect voltage dependence of activation of Kv1.3 channel. Interestingly, pharmacological experiments indicated that 1 μM Ctri9755 showed less inhibition on Kv4.1 and Kv4.2 channel currents. Similar to the classical gating modifier of spider toxins, Ctri9577 was shown to interact with the linker between the transmembrane S3 and S4 helical domains through the mutagenesis experiments. To the best of our knowledge, Ctri9577 was the first gating modifier of potassium channels among scorpion toxin family, and the first scorpion toxin as both gating modifier and blocker for different potassium channels. These findings further highlighted the structural and functional diversity of scorpion toxins specific for the potassium channels.