Channelpedia

Targeting potassium channels Kv1.3 and KC a 3.1: routes to selective immunomodulators in autoimmune disorder treatment?


Authors: Jun Wang, Ming Xiang

Journal, date & volume: Pharmacotherapy, 2013 May , 33, 515-28

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23649812

Channelpedia reference in: Kv1.3

Abstract
The Kv1.3 and KC a 3.1 potassium channels are promising targets for the treatment of autoimmune disorders. Many Kv1.3 and KC a 3.1 blockers have a more favorable adverse event profiles than existing immunosuppressants, suggesting the selectivity of Kv1.3 and KC a 3.1 blockade. The Kv1.3 and KC a 3.1 blockers exert differential effects in different autoimmune diseases. The Kv1.3 inhibitors or gene deletion have been shown to have benefits in multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. The KC a 3.1 blockers have demonstrated efficacy in human primary biliary cirrhosis and showed protective effects in animal models of severe colitis, allergic encephalomyelitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and multiple sclerosis. The KC a 3.1 blockers are not considered candidates for treatment of multiple sclerosis. The selective immunosuppressive effects of the Kv1.3 and KC a 3.1 blockers are due to the differences in their distribution on autoimmune-related immune cells and tissues and β1 integrin (very late activating antigen)-Kv1.3 channel cross-talk.