Channelpedia

A severe defect in CRAC Ca2+ channel activation and altered K+ channel gating in T cells from immunodeficient patients.


Authors: Stefan Feske, Murali Prakriya, Anjana Rao, Richard S Lewis

Journal, date & volume: J. Exp. Med., 2005 Sep 5 , 202, 651-62

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16147976

Channelpedia reference in: Kv1.3

Abstract
Engagement of the TCR triggers sustained Ca(2+) entry through Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels, which helps drive gene expression underlying the T cell response to pathogens. The identity and activation mechanism of CRAC channels at a molecular level are unknown. We have analyzed ion channel expression and function in T cells from SCID patients which display 1-2% of the normal level of Ca(2+) influx and severely impaired T cell activation. The lack of Ca(2+) influx is not due to deficient regulation of Ca(2+) stores or expression of several genes implicated in controlling Ca(2+) entry in lymphocytes (kcna3/Kv1.3, kcnn4/IKCa1, trpc1, trpc3, trpv6, stim1). Instead, electrophysiologic measurements show that the influx defect is due to a nearly complete absence of functional CRAC channels. The lack of CRAC channel activity is correlated with diminished voltage sensitivity and slowed activation kinetics of the voltage-dependent Kv1.3 channel. These results demonstrate that CRAC channels provide the major, if not sole, pathway for Ca(2+) entry activated by the TCR in human T cells. They also offer evidence for a functional link between CRAC and Kv1.3 channels, and establish a model system for molecular genetic studies of the CRAC channel.